Regional Agency for Environmental Protection of Friuli Venezia Giulia


FRIULI VENEZIA GIULIA AUTONOMOUS REGION

The Italian Constitution assigned to Friuli Venezia Giulia the status of Region with a Special Statute, together with four other Italian regions only in 1963 (Constitutional Law No. 1 of January 31st 1963) as a consequence of the international problems arising from the end of the Second World War and the ones deriving from the region’s "diversity" itself – the different historical, ethnic, and linguistic components that go to make up this area.
During the First World War the region was a main theatre of operations and suffered serious damages and it was in the post war period that the fates of these border lands were united again, although the Venezia Giulia area, in particular, underwent very painful experiences due to the explosion of contradictions regarding the borders.
The Second World War led to the Anglo-American Administration in Trieste and the Memorandum of London in 1954 fixed the official National border. Thus, Trieste was reunited with Italy and the Autonomous Region of Friuli Venezia Giulia could finally be established.

Since immemorial time Friuli Venezia Giulia has been an exceptional region of transit and connection between the lands beyond the Alps and the sea, due to its geographical position which for a variety of reasons has proved to be a “melting pot” of peoples of different languages and cultures. Today, Friuli Venezia Giulia is experiencing a rich and vibrant cultural development emphasising its vocation as a meeting place of cultures.

The Region has several different environments, landscapes, histories, art and culture scenarios, which make up a varied and complex reality.
From the circle of mountains, the ending section of the Alps spreads towards the vast foothill and morainic hill area below. These interesting and varied geological features are accompanied by a pleasant landscape, dotted with many castles that, from the late Middle Ages on, constituted the line of defence of this area which, on account of its position, was a land of passage and often a land of conquest.
The upper plains, especially in western Friuli, are characterized by arid and permeable soils called magredi, a sort of poor soils, where even the rivers disappear and run underground to resurface farther on in what is known to be the "line of karst springs".
These arid "magredi" areas are nowadays made fertile by an extensive irrigation system, and the lush area of the karst springs, with its flourishing agriculture, is characterized by natural greenery along the rivers and woods on the plains.
The wide lagoons of Marano and Grado and the mouth of the Isonzo river mark out the lower western coast, while the eastern one becomes high and rocky with little bays such as those of Duino and Sistiana, all the way to Trieste and to Muggia.

In this context the possibilities of tourism itineraries are variuos in all parts of the region: the coastal morphology is pretty assorted from Trieste to Lignano, and from the steep cliffs around Trieste, with their small but enchanting inlets, it can be reached the superb Miramare castle and its gardens, and the beautiful Duino castle (mentioned in literary memoirs and recently opened to the public).
The Karst can be easily fetched and not far away the lagoons of Grado and Marano and the famous “Golden Sand” beach of Lignano Sabbiadoro worth a visit.
 

THE ADMINISTRATION

Friuli Venezia Giulia has a Special Statute of Autonomy which confers legislative powers to important government’s areas so that the Region can promulgate its own laws in sectors such as the environment, health, industry, scientific research, culture and housing.
The Regional Council is the supreme representative body, being elected by universal suffrage every five years and it is responsible for the formulation of laws and for providing political orientation on the works of the Regional Government.

The whole Administration is divided in several Central Directorates, each of them dedicated to a special topics such as Public Health, Civil Protection, Public Works, etc.
The formal partner within the fields of SHAPE Project is our Central Directorate for Environment, Energy and Politics for the Mountains’ Development. This Directorate is institutionally responsible for subjects carried out within the project: it has the expertises, the equipment and the skills of managing the necessary budget for its positive implementation. It also has about 240 employees and its allocation for year 2010 amounts to about 66.832.493,6 Meuros.
 

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