Project management is the control of projects. It is the way in which projects are organized, prepared, planned, executed and completed.
Project management is the work of project leaders and often includes several sub-projects with associated teams and team leaders.
Project management generally involves the following steps:
A fairly standard phasing is:
Several project management methods and models exist, including:
In ICT there are all kinds of project management methods that focus on software development:
Sometimes there is also talk about the:
In other models, the acronym GOTIK or TGKIO or GOKIT is used to identify the management aspects. The letters stand for:
Letters are often added to this, for example the “R” for Risks.
The different methods are sometimes freely available to everyone, sometimes they are certified, which means that users must obtain a certificate / diploma in order to call themselves a ‘certified’ project leader. The certificates are usually obtained by taking an exam (for a fee) at an institute that invented the method in question. As a rule, this certificate must be renewed every few years.